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  1. 1852 Kutschurgan census; Selz, Kandel, Baden, Strassburg, Mannheim, Elsass; Saratov Archives; Fond 1166, Opus 1, Delo 58, pages 51-111; published by the Kutschurgan Listserv; GRHS, Bismarck ND.
  2. Johannes Baumgartner Story and Genealogy, Bicentennial Edition, 1774-1974; Germans from Russia Heritage Collection; North Dakota State University Libraries, Fargo ND.
  3. Our Wald Family Tree, by Father John Wald, S.V.D., and Leo & Diane Wald, in conjunction with the Wald & Friends Family Reunion held on July 16 & 17, 1983 in East Grand Forks, Minnesota.
  4. Department of Commerce - Bureau of the Census, Fourteenth Census of the United States - 1920 Population.
  5. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Fourteenth Census of the United States - 1930.
  6. Ludwig H. Feist; ancestry.com, "Faist, Feist, Lauinger, Benson, Bartel, Maier, Still Descendants family group sheet," compiled Dec 24, 2003 (ludwigf@gra.midco.net). Filed on Ancestry.com.
  7. Family Listings of Elsass 1893; Odessa Archives as purchased by GRHS, compiler. (Bismarck ND 58501-8115: Germans from Russia Heritage Society,).
  8. Ship manifest - SS Westernland; departed Antwerp December 9, 1899, arrived New York December 21, 1899. (Manifest included Christian Merk, wife Eva, and children Jacob and Juliana. Destination was to brother-in-law Johannes Baumgartner in North Dakota.) Ellis Island files.
  9. 1900 U.S. Census, Bureau of Census, Department of Commerce. (Ancestry.com file).
  10. U. S. Federal Census.
  11. Merck Family Tree family record document, January 1990; Marie Hertz, 800 Birch Avenue, Harvey, ND 58341, (701) 324 4283 or 324-4374.
  12. Agnes Merck Schwan, "All Germans from Russian Background must be related," e-mail message from () to Edward Merck, September 16, 2002.
  13. FAMILY LISTINGS OF ELSASS, 1881 - Odessa Archives; published by Germans from Russia Heritage Society, 2000. (Germans from Russia Heritage Society, 2000; 1125 West Turnpike Avenue, Bismarck ND 58501).
  14. Descendants of Eva Baumgartner, by Dolores Welk Kline; provided by Agnes Merck Schwan, Aberdeen SD, September 2004.
  15. Minnesota Death Index, 1908-2002 (Ancestry.com).
  16. Interview with Sister Catherine Merck, Mount Saint Benedict Monastery, Crookston, Minnesota, USA.
  17. Ship Manifest - August Victoria, from Hamburg, Germany, arrived New York on November 3, 1900; Ellis Island files.
  18. Kraft-Wald Family file at ancestry.com; Lorraine Kraft; msbcenter@msb.net; January 15, 2003.
  19. Ancestry.com file: Hyslop, Stuart, Forsyth, Leier, Schatz, Mitzel, Evans, Gillespie, Kraft; Nick Hyslop, EHyslop@msn.com; August 2, 2003.
  20. Social Security Administration. Social Security Death Index, Master File. Orem UT: Ancestry, Inc., 2000.
  21. George C. Meyer, compiler, Meyer Family Tree (http://www.gigacorp.net/~gcmeyer/:, 2004).
  22. George C. Meyer, http://www.gigacorp.net/~gcmeyer/ (http://www.gigacorp.net/~gcmeyer/ 20 March 2004).
  23. GRHS files.